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Emilio Gouvea from Brazil attends the DeBruycker Charolais Bull Sale

Mon 09 Apr, 2018

From the Minas Gerais Mountains in Brazil to the DeBruycker Charolais Bull Sale in Montana Emilio Heindel Gouvea visited Montana to participate in the 2018 DeBruycker Charolais Annual Bull Sale.

Emilio Gueva

Emilio is an engineer and is also a cattle rancher in Brazil. He is a lover of the Canchim breed: 5/8 of Charolais and 3/8 of Zebu Nelore . 

His cattle breeding Canchim is called Canchim Mangalba and is located in the State of Minas Gerais.

His focus is to produce Canchim's calves and heifers of high genetic quality, with rusticity and precocity using bulls proven in the Performance Evaluation Tests of the Brazilian Canchim Cattle Breed Association called PCAD and also with semen of Charolais bulls used in the Canchim x Nelore 1/2 blood cows.

Brazil Ranch

 

Brazil Ranch

The Canchim Breed Characteristics

The Canchim is usually white to light beige in colour with short smooth hair.
It is muscular in conformation very similar to the Charolais, except it has a small hump obviously retained from its Zebu/Nelore roots. This breed was created for excellent beefing qualities, hardiness in hotter climates, fertility and fast growing calves. Below you will see some photos of my Canchim cows and bulls: 

Canchim Breed

 

Canchim Breed

History of the Canchim                                                                                                      

The Canchim originated in Brazil 65 years ago to improve Brazilian beef cattle breeding.  In the last century Zebu -Nelore cattle (Bos Indicus) were introduced to Brazil which were extensively crossbred with herds of native cattle. 

This was originally done to improve the beef breeding in the country, which it did but the Zebu were found inferior to European breeds in terms of precocity and meat yield and it was decided that genetic improvement was required. 

The European breeds could not simply replace the original cattle as they could not perform as they do in temperate climates in Brazil plus factors such as parasites and disease would affect them.The European breed used in the formation of Canchim cattle was Charolais.
 

Canchim Bull

 

Canchim calf

According to research at the time, Charolais cattle were chosen because of its high yield and display of pre-requisites for adaption to  Brazil. 

The first crossbreed animals with the degree of blood 5/8 Charolais and 3/8 Zebu were born in 1953, thus was born a new type of beef cattle for  Brazil- the name Canchim. The name was derived from the name of a tree very common in the region where the breed was developed. 

 

Canchim

 

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